Clinical research is a branch that examines the safety and efficacy (effectiveness) of drugs, equipments, diagnostic products, and treatment regimens designed for human use which can be used for illness prevention, treatment, diagnosis, or symptom relief. Clinical research is not the same as clinical practice. Established treatments are utilised in clinical practice, whereas evidence is gathered through clinical research to establish a treatment. Trials are conducted before to releasing products to the market. The tests are carried out at various phases, and after the introduction, oversight is continued to scrutinise the safety and monitor any side effects.
The word clinical trial refers to the whole record of any test medications or medical product from its inception in the lab to its market debut and beyond. This is the most opportune time to join this rapidly expanding sector. Clinical research co-ordinator, associate, clinical monitor or trial monitor, research nurses, site managers, data manager, clinical research scientist, biostatistician, clinical quality assurance auditor, clinical safety analyst, medical writer, pharmacovigilance experts, research scientist and teaching profession are the career options available in this field.